Load Balanced Rendezvous Data Collection in Wireless Sensor Networks


We study the rendezvous data collection problem for the mobile sink in wireless sensor networks. We introduce to jointly optimize trajectory planning for the mobile sink and workload balancing for the network. By doing so, the mobile sink is able to efficiently collect network-wide data within a given delay bound and the network can eliminate the energy bottleneck to dramatically prolong its lifetime. Such a joint optimization problem is shown to be NP-hard and we propose an approximation algorithm, named RPS-LB, to approach the optimal solution. In RPS-LB, according to observed properties of the median reference structure in the network, a series of Rendezvous Points (RPs) are selected to construct the trajectory for the mobile sink and the derived approximation ratio of RPS- LB guarantees that the formed trajectory is comparable with the optimal solution. The workload allocated to each RP is proven to be balanced mathematically. We then relax the assumption that mobile sink knows the location of each sensor node and present a localized, fully distributed version, RPS-LB-D, which largely improves the system applicability in practice. We verify the effectiveness of our proposals via extensive experiments.

In IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Systems
Luo Mai
Luo Mai
Assistant Professor

My research interests include computer systems, machine learning and data management.